A woman is said to have attained menopause after one year following the last menstrual period. The period which precedes this stage is called peri-menopausal period. This is the time when a woman may undergo a lot of physical & emotional changes. Menopause is your last menstrual period and in reality this period is the time when there are changes in the way your periods come. In some woman they may be less frequent and in some woman they may be more frequent. It can take several years to go through menopause completely and we say that a lady has gone through menopause when a period has not occurred for at least a year. In the period around the time, the lady experiences a lot of changes in her body and in the mind.
The natural menopause occurs because as you grow older the ovaries stop to produce the estrogen hormone which is main female hormone. The average age of menopause in India is anywhere between 46 and 48. During the peri-menopausal year, a woman may or may not just experience menopausal symptoms such as hot flushes, sweats, Mood changes, Headaches, tiredness etc but may also experience problems such as dry skin, hair loss, thinning of genital area and osteoporosis (week bone) etc. This is the time when the lady may need to be seen by a gynecologist and I provide a few basic blood tests as well as a pap smear check and mammogram and a BP check. Following this she may or may not require specific treatment for her symptoms. a few lifestyle changes which may help her and the complete advice and dietary advice would be given during the appointment. Please contact Dr. Aruna Muralidhar for more queries at email@example.com