Contraception is necessary for preventing the unwanted Pregnancy. A woman is at a risk of falling pregnant in her reproductive years which start at a time of menarche, which is first period, up to the age of menopause which is one year following the last period. Hence, contraception is important if the couple do not wish to have any children or have completed their family.
Contraception can be of different types including natural methods, barrier methods such as condom, oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) which are pills to be taken every day during the cycle, intra uterine contraceptive devices such as Copper-T, and intra uterine systems such as Mirena- which are hormone releasing intra uterine systems. Also, if a couple has finished completing their family and require permanent contraception there are options such as laparoscopic sterilisation or open tubectomy or vasectomy for the male partner.
In order to avoid pregnancy around the time of marriage or during the pre-marital stage, it is important to seek advice and take the appropriate contraceptives as falling pregnant and getting the pregnancy terminated is more risky than avoiding the pregnancy.
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